Comparing the Effects of Sesame Oil vs. Nitroglycerin Ointment on the Incidence of Chemotherapy-Induced Phlebitis: A Single Blind Clinical Trial

Document Type : Research Articles


1 Nursing Care Research Center in Chronic Diseases, School of Nursing & Midwifery, Ahvaz Jundishapur University of Medical Sciences, Ahvaz, Iran.

2 Department of Biostatistics and Epidemiology, Faculty of Public Health, Ahvaz Jundishapur University of Medical Sciences, Ahvaz, Iran.

3 School of Medicine, Ahvaz Jundishapur University of Medical Sciences, Ahvaz, Iran.


Background: Phlebitis is a severe inflammatory response in patients undergoing chemotherapy that can lead to complications and increased length of hospitalization. Objective: This study was conducted to examine the effects of sesame oil and nitroglycerin ointment on the incidence of chemotherapy-induced phlebitis in patients with cancer.  Methods: This clinical trial study involved 138 cancer patients who were randomly assigned into three groups. The three groups received nitroglycerin ointment, sesame oil, or betadine alcoholic solution that were applied on the distal catheter area at a length of 1.5 centimeters and width of 2 × 4 cm using graded paper. The site was then dressed and fixed with anti-allergenic adhesives. The research samples were examined for 72 hours for the incidence of phlebitis. Results: No statistically significant difference was observed between the incidence of phlebitis in the sesame oil, nitroglycerin ointment and alcohol-betadine groups in the first 24 hours (p=0.2), the second 24 hours (p=0.13) and the third 24 hours (p=0.13). Conclusion: External use of both sesame oil and nitroglycerin is effective in reducing chemotherapy-induced phlebitis. Due to its anti-inflammatory effect and low cost, however, using sesame oil is recommended.


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