Can Echinococcus Granulosus Infestation Prevent Pancreatic Cancer? An invivo Experimental Study

Document Type : Research Articles


1 Malatya Turgut Özal University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of General Surgery, Malatya, Turkey.

2 Necmettin Erbakan University, Meram Medical School, Department of Surgery, Konya, Turkey.

3 Necmettin Erbakan University, Ahmet Keleşoğlu Faculty of Education, Department of Biology, Konya, Turkey.

4 Necmettin Erbakan University, Meram Medical School, Department of Pathology, Konya, Turkey.


Hydatid cyst is a zoonotic infestation caused by Echinococcus granulosus, and it is known that some parasites found in humans cause cancer in humans or some may have a protective effect against cancer. Cancer is one of the most serious health problems of today and it has been shown in some studies that parasites such as Echinococcus granulosus can have an inhibitory effect. The aim of this study was determined as whether Echinococcus granulosus has an inhibitory effect on exocrine pancreatic cancer with the help of the azaserine-rat model used in different cancer studies.  Material and Methods: During experimental process a total of 45 male Wistar rats used, 14-day-old male Wistar rats were divided into groups according to the experimental protocol, administered azaserine injection protocol or kept as a control group without azaserine injection. Animals are grouped as Group 1, Control Group (group not treated with Azaserine and not injected with protoscolex.) (E-A-) (n=7); Group 2, Group injected with (IP) Azaserine only (30mg/kg) (E-A+)  (n=8);Group 3, Group injected (IP) with protoscolex suspension of 1 cc only (E+A-) (n=15);Group 4, Group injected both Azaserine (IP) and protoscolex suspension (IP) (E+A+) (n=15). Atypical Acinar Cell Foci (AACF) load in the exocrine pancreas of each rat was measured quantitatively with the help of a video image analyzer and the AACF load was calculated with the help of a mathematical model. Results: Findings showed that the Atypical Acinar Cell Foci (AACF) burden was statistically significantly lower in the Azaserine+ protoscolex (Azaserine-injected-protoscolex-implanted) rat group compared to the other groups, suggesting that Echinococcosis in the azaserine-rat model could inhibit the development of precursor foci of neoplastic changes in the exocrine pancreas. Conclusion: The most significant aspect of our study is that it contributes new insights into the controversy that Echinococcosis suppresses pancreatic cancer.


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