Document Type : Research Articles
Laboratory of Viral Oncology, Institut Pasteur du Maroc, Casablanca, Morocco.
Laboratory of Pathophysiology, Molecular Genetics and Biotechnology, Faculty of Sciences Ain Chock, Hassan II University, Casablanca, Morocco.
Mohammed VI Center for Cancer Treatment, Ibn Rochd University Hospital, Casablanca, Morocco.
Nuclear Medicine Department, Ibn Rochd University Hospital, Hassan II University, Casablanca, Morocco.
Biology and Medical Research Unit, National Center of Energy, Sciences and Nuclear Techniques, Rabat, Morocco.
Proposal: A distinct epidemiology, etiology, clinical characteristics, and therapeutic outcomes characterize nasopharyngeal carcinoma (NPC) from other head and neck cancers. An actualized analysis of NPC patients’ features enables a global view of NPC management. Accordingly, the current study investigated the epidemiological and clinical characteristics of Moroccan patients with NPC, as well as their 4-years survival outcomes and influencing prognostic factors. Methods: We prospectively analyzed data of 142 histologically confirmed Moroccan patients with NPC between October 2016 and February 2019. Kaplan-Meier and Cox regression analyses were used to assess predictive prognostic factors related to NPC. All analyses were conducted using SPSS version 21 statistical software. Results: In the present study, a net male predominance was found, with a mean age of 44±16.3 years old. Advanced stages of NPC were observed in 64.1% of patients, and 32.4% of patients presented with distant metastasis at diagnosis. The 4-years overall survival, locoregional relapse-free survival, distant metastasis-free survival and progression-free survival were 68.0%, 63.0%, 53.9%, and 39.9%, respectively. Age, N category and distant metastasis were identified as the most important independent prognosis factors for NPC in this cohort (p<0.05). Conclusion: In conclusion, NPC affects young adults and is frequently diagnosed at advanced disease stages, impacting therefore negatively patients survival; which is in line with data from endemic areas for NPC. The current study clearly highlights that a greater attention should be directed to improving the management of this aggressive malignancy.