Patient Dose Analysis Using GafchromicTM EBT3 Film: A Retrospective Study with a Four Dual-Field Technique in Total Skin Electron Therapy

Document Type : Research Articles


1 Department of Radiation Oncology, Apollo Cancer Hospitals, Chennai, India.

2 School of Advanced Sciences, Vellore Institute of Technology, Vellore, India.

3 School of Advanced Sciences, VIT University, Vellore, India.


Objective: The Six dual-field is the most commonly used treatment technique in total skin electron therapy (TSET). Because of the prolonged treatment period, the patient may experience discomfort, and routine radiotherapy treatments may be affected. This reflects the idea of using a modified technique in TSET. The study aims to report our experience with the four dual-field technique and review the in-vivo dosimetry using gafchromic film. Materials and methods: The in-vivo dosimetry reports using gafchromic EBT-3 films of 12 patients who received TSET with the four dual-field techniques in our hospital were analysed in this study. The dosimetric parameter including percentage depth dose, dose homogeneity, flatness and symmetry were analysed in this study. Results and discussion: For all the patients, the mean dose to the skin was close to the prescription dose, and it was within 10% (99.3%–103%) of the prescription dose. The standard deviation was observed between 5.8 and 12.4 cGy. According to international standards, all of the measured dosimetric parameters were within the acceptable limit and thereby validating our technique.  The in-vivo dosimetry study using radiochromic film in TSET is relatively uncommon. So, based on our results, gafchromic films are a viable choice. The objective of our four dual-field techniques is to reduce the overall treatment time on the machine, whereas our study shows a time reduction when compared to regular techniques, which aids in the smooth operation of daily routines. Conclusion: The preliminary results of this novel modified technique in TSET demonstrated favourable effectiveness with minimal skin toxicity. This four dual-field technique is simple and easy to implement. Comparatively, this study shows the dose homogeneity of ±10% and better dose in the underdose areas proving the reliability and homogeneity of four-dual field technique.


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