Risk Factors for Bisphosphonate-Related Osteonecrosis of the Jaws in Bone Metastatic Breast and Prostate Cancer under Zoledronate Treatment: A Retrospective Analysis from 10 Years of Evaluation

Document Type : Research Articles


1 Department of Dental Clinic, Division of Oral Pathology, Faculty of Pharmacy, Dentistry and Nursing, Federal University of Ceará, Fortaleza, Ceará, Brazil.

2 Department of Dentistry, Unichristus, Fortaleza, Ceará, Brazil.

3 Ceará Oncology School, Ceará Cancer Institute, Hospital Haroldo Juaçaba, Fortaleza, Ceará, Brazil.


Objective: This study aims to analyze the risk factors for BRONJ in patients taking zoledronic acid (ZA) for metastatic breast and prostate cancer. Methods: For this, a retrospective, quantitative, observational cohort study was conducted using data on adverse effects in the oral cavity in patients during chemotherapy for treatment of solid tumors available in the electronic patient record system of the Haroldo Juaçaba Hospital/Ceará Cancer Institute in the period from 2010, to 2019. Data were tabulated in Excel and exported to SPSS v20.0 software for statistical analysis, with 95% confidence. Results: Thus, it can be observed that the prevalence of BRONJ in patients under treatment for breast cancer and prostate cancer was <7%, with age <50 years of age (p=0.009), cytotoxic chemotherapy such as methotrexate (p=0.023), paclitaxel (p=0.005), capecitabine (p<0.001), gemcitabine (p=0.007) and bicalutamide (p=0.016), amount of ZA infusions (p<0.001) and hormone therapy (p=0.007), in addition, a slight reduction in survival and increased use of antidepressants (p=0.014) were observed. The reduced overall survival and increased use of antidepressants in patients who developed BRONJ, reinforcing the need for further research to study the mechanisms involved in the unconventional risk factors for BRONJ. Conclusion: Thus, increasing the attention to these patients to prevent this condition from compromising the prognosis of these individuals.


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