Programmed Death 1 (PD-1) Expression in Relapsing and Remitting Hodgkin Lymphoma as Prognostic Factor

Document Type : Research Articles


1 Department of Pathology, School of Medicine, Iran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.

2 Department of Hematology Oncology, School of Medicine, Firouzgar Hospital, Iran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.

3 School of Medicine, Iran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.


Background: Programmed death ligand 1 (PD-L1) plays critical role in PD-1-dependent immunity suppress. Abnormal PD-L1 expression has shown to be directly related to poor prognosis and drug resistance in cancer patients. Hence, we aimed to evaluate PD-L1 expression in relapsing and remitting Hodgkin lymphoma (HL) as a prognostic factor. Methods: In this cross-sectional study, 100 patients with HL between 2007 and 2015, were included. A thin section of tumor tissue fixed and processed on slides, stained by immunohistochemistry (IHC) PD-L1 specific antibodies. The clinical, imaging and pathology information of patients were obtained using case reading and by retrospective follow-up. The status of recurrence or improvement was determined after 5 years of diagnosis. GraphPad Prism v.8 was used for analysis. Results: of 100 HL cases, the mean age of 33 relapsed group cases was significantly higher than remission group (p-value = 0.006), and gender was not significant however majority of cases in both groups were male. The frequency of PD-L1 expression found in 49% of all patients. A significant relationship was found between the expression of PD-L1 and disease progression, HL subtype, stage of tumor (p-value<0.05). High expression of PD-L1 found in majority of relapse group and low expression in remission group. Conclusion: PD-L1 expression assessment in HL patients is a valuable tool for prediction of the disease subtype, progression, stage, and treatment outcome. IHC method as an available, simple, rather cheap, and efficient tool could use for evaluation of PD-L1 expression and predicting the prognosis of HL disease, elsewhere.


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