Keep It or Leave It? Comparison of Preoperative Scoring as Mortality Predictor Post-Pancreaticoduodenectomy

Document Type : Research Articles


1 Division of Digestive Surgery, Department of Surgery, Faculty of Medicine Universitas Indonesia, dr. Cipto Mangunkusumo Hospital, Jakarta, Indonesia.

2 Hepatobiliary unit, Digestive Division, Department of Surgery, Fatmawati Hospital, Jakarta, Indonesia.


Background: Pancreaticoduodenectomy (PD) is the common procedure in resectable periampullary malignancies. However, the postoperative mortality rate for PD is relatively high. Mortality scoring system helps surgeons to decide patients’ eligibility for surgery to minimize mortality risk. This study aimed to compare four scoring systems for mortality prediction after PD in the Indonesian population. Methods: In this cross-sectional study, data were retrospectively collected from medical records for patients who underwent PD due to periampullary malignancy between January 2010 and January 2022. We assessed scoring accuracy, cut-off, sensitivity, specificity, negative predictive value, positive predictive value, and area under the curve (AUC) of Naples prognostic score (NPS), Whipple-ABACUS (WA), modified Pitt score (MPS), and Pitt score. Result: Of the 116 patients who met the criteria, the mortality rate was 12.1%. Mean age was 51.64 ± 10.22 years consist of 75.9% group <60 years and 24.1% ≥60 years, with 46.6% male and 53.4% female. The AUC from highest to lowest were Pitt Score 0.890 (p<0.001), MPS 0.775 (p 0.001), WA 0.627 (p 0.123), and NPS 0.505 (p 0.949) with the level of accuracy of each score were Pitt Score and MPS 67.2%, WA 50.0%, and NPS 59.5%. Conclusion: Pitt and MPS scores have the highest accuracy of all the scoring systems in this study. MPS has the advantage of having fewer components, making it easy to implement. MPS can replace the role of the Pitt Score in predicting post-procedure PD mortality in Indonesia. Further studies that include the intraoperative factors are needed to increase the scoring accuracy. 


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