Impact of Interaction between Single Nucleotide Polymorphism of XRCC1, XRCC2, XRCC3 with Tumor Suppressor Tp53 Gene Increases Risk of Breast Cancer: A Hospital Based Case-Control Study

Document Type : Research Articles


1 Department of Molecular Biology & Genetics, Krishna Vishwa Vidyapeeth (Deemed to be University), Taluka-Karad, Dist- Satara, Pin-415 539, (Maharashtra) India.

2 Department of Oncology, Krishna Vishwa Vidyapeeth (Deemed to be University), Taluka- Karad, Dist- Satara, Pin-415 539, (Maharashtra) India.


Background: At present very little information is available on combined effects of DNA repair genes with tumor suppressor gene polymorphisms and their association with cancer susceptibility. No such association studies have been carried out with breast cancer or any other cancer from India. Present study was conducted to study the combined effects of SNPs of XRCC1, XRCC2, XRCC3 with Arg72Pro and Arg249Ser SNPs of TP53 gene in risk of BC in rural parts of India. Methods: The polymorphisms of Arg194Trp, Arg280His, Arg399Gln of XRCC1, Arg188His of XRCC2 and Thr241Met of  XRCC3 with Arg72Pro and Arg249Ser of TP53 gene polymorphisms was studied by polymerase chain reaction-based restriction fragment length polymorphism (PCR–RFLP) method. The association among the polymorphisms with breast cancer risk was studied by Odds ratio within 95% confidence interval and SNP-SNP interaction were confirmed by logistic regression analysis. Results: The results of genotype frequency distribution of XRCC1, XRCC2, XRCC3 genotypes showed positive association between XRCC1 Arg280His polymorphism and BC risk (OR=4.54; 95% CI: 3.36- 6.15; p<0.0001).  Also the heterozygous genotypes Arg188His of XRCC2 (OR=1.58; 95% CI: 1.13- 2.21; p=0.007) and Thr241Met genotype of XRCC3 (OR=2.13; 95% CI: 1.44- 3.13; p=0.0001) were associated with BC risk. The combination of heterozygous Arg280His genotype of XRCC1 along with Arg72Pro genotype of TP53 increased the risk of BC (OR=4.53; 95% CI: 2.85-7.20); p<0.0001). Similarly,  the combined effect of heterozygous Arg/His genotype of XRCC1 with heterozygous Arg/Ser genotype of TP53 at codon 249 showed significant association with increased BC risk (OR=5.08; 95% CI: 2.86-9.04); p<0.0001). Conclusion: The findings derived from our study concluded that the heterozygous variant Arg280His genotype of XRCC1 and Thr241Met polymorphism of XRCC3 in combination with heterozygous arginine72proline genotype and heterozygous Arg249Ser polymorphism of TP53 showed significant association with breast cancer risk in Maharashtrian women.


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