Investigation of Effects of Preoperative Readiness on Symptom Management in Patients with Intestinal Stoma: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis Study

Document Type : Systematic Review and Meta-analysis


Faculty of Health Sciences, Northern Campus, Bahçeşehir University Besiktas, Istanbul, Turkey.


Objective: This study aims to examine the effect of preoperative readiness on postoperative symptom management in patients with intestinal stoma through systematic review and meta-analysis. Methods: “Intestinal stoma”, “complications” and other related terms were searched regardless of the language of publication in the publications published in the databases until December 29, 2021. Result: As a result, 30 studies were found. Two independent reviewers reviewed the studies, and the methodological quality of the included studies was assessed using the Health Evidence™ Quality Assessment Tool. The Comprehensive Meta-Analysis 3 was used to analyze the data. Publication bias, funnel plot, and the effect size were calculated using Cohen’s kappa. Preparation for intestinal stoma surgery consisted of two main themes, and postoperative complications/problems consisted of nine sub-themes. The meta-analysis results showed that preoperative readiness had a moderate effect size on postoperative complications (d=0.498, d=0.457). Conclusion: It was thus concluded that preoperative practices were significant and effective in postoperative symptom management.


Main Subjects