Document Type : Research Articles
Department of Radiation Oncology, Dr. B. Borooah Cancer Institute, Guwahati Assam, India.
All India Institute of Medical Science, Guwahati Assam, India.
Purpose: High-grade gliomas are highly fatal disease with poor prognosis despite multimodality management. Inflammatory biomarkers are widely used for prognostication in various solid malignancies to stratify high risk patients. The current research was conducted to investigate whether any change in neutrophil-lymphocyte ratio (NLR) during adjuvant chemoradiotherapy has any prognostic significance in high-grade glioma patients. Materials and Methods: Seventy-three biopsy proven high-grade glioma patients treated with adjuvant chemoradiotherapy were enrolled in this study. Haematological parameters were collected before treatment, weekly during treatment, and at 4th week after chemoradiotherapy along with baseline characteristics. Overall survival (OS) was determined using Kaplan-Meier curve. Variables found statistically significant in univariate analysis by Cox regression model were subjected to final multivariable analysis. Results: The median follow-up was around 17 months with a median OS of 17.2 months (95%CI 14.7-23). The best prognosis was seen in patients who had a baseline NLR< 3.5 with decline in NLR during treatment achieving a 1-year survival of 100% and median overall survival of 36.5 months. Patients who had baseline NLR ≥3.5 without a decline in NLR had worst prognosis with a 1-year survival of 25% (95%CI 9.4%-66.6%) and median OS of 7.1 months. On multivariate analysis, age [HR 1.025, p=0.040)], ECOG performance status≤1 [HR 0.089, p<0.001], extent of surgery [HR 0.305, p=0.001] and decline in NLR during treatment [HR 0.452, p=0.026] were found to be significant predictors of OS. Conclusion: This study demonstrated that NLR is a cost-effective biomarker that has prognostic significance in predicting overall survival for high-grade glioma patients.