Assessing the Policy of Non-Smoking Areas in Schools in Indonesia: A Mixed Methods Study

Document Type : Research Articles


1 Department of Public Health, Faculty of Medicine and Health Science, Universitas Jambi, Jambi, Indonesia.

2 Faculty of Economy and Business, Universitas Indonesia, Jakarta, Indonesia.


Background: Regulations in the form of Regional Regulations on Non-Smoking Areas are efforts to prevent smoking in schools. We will show qualitatively and quantitatively whether the policy can control smoke-free schools since 2015 in Muaro Jambi Regency. However, the implementation is still not optimal, even almost not implemented following the mandate of government regulation Number 109 of 2012 and regional regulation Number 5 of 2018. This study aims to evaluate the implementation of the smoke-free area policy in schools in Muaro Jambi Regency. Method: Research using mixed method study employing quantitative through distribution survey of smoke-free zones and qualitative by interviewing 31 schools of informants and observing 499 points of educational institutions. Selection of informants by considering the criteria of adequacy and suitability of data analysis with content analysis. Results: The cause of the non-implementation of the smoke-free area policy is the lack of socialization of local regulations. The regulation of non-smoking area bylaws has not been made, implementing rules with the decree of the law. Schools do not run areas without cigarettes because they do not fully understand the rules, namely that they are not allowed to smoke in all school environments and health facilities. Oversight of the no-smoking area policy has not been carried out due to the lack of policy support from policymakers and sources of funds for monitoring the no-smoking area. Conclusion: No smoking area policy is meaningless if there is neglect in its implementation so that it does not impact the compliance of smoking behavior following the No Smoking Area policy. The need for the commitment of school leaders in implementing and operational rules from the regional regulations in the implementation of smoke-free areas.


Main Subjects