Document Type : Research Articles
Department of Pediatric Nursing, School of Nursing and Midwifery, Guilan University of Medical Sciences, Rasht, Iran.
Cancer Research Center, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.
Pediatric Diseases Research Center, Guilan University of Medical Sciences, Rasht, Iran.
Department of Medical-Surgical Nursing, School of Nursing and Midwifery, Guilan University of Medical Sciences, Rasht, Iran.
Social Determinants of Health Research Center, Guilan University of Medical Sciences, Rasht, Iran.
Objective: Palliative care is provided by an interdisciplinary team in which, nurses play an important role, and improving their role performance can be effective in providing high-quality care. This study aimed to explore the factors related to improving oncology nurses’ role performance in providing pediatric palliative care. Methods: This qualitative study was conducted using semi-structured interviews with 22 nurses, physicians, hospital supervisors, children, and their parents from September 2022 to January 2023. Data analysis was performed based on conventional content analysis proposed by Elo and Kyngas using MAXQDA 2020. Finally, subcategories of each main category were summarized in the SWOT analysis matrix. Result: Data analysis led to the extraction of 1250 codes, three main categories (nurse-related factors, child and family-related factors, and organizational factors), five generic categories, and 32 subcategories that were ultimately classified in the SWOT analysis matrix. Conclusion: This study showed that oncology nurses’ role performance in providing palliative care is influenced by many internal and external factors. In this regard, in order to improve their role performance, increasing knowledge among nurses, nursing students, and the community on integrating pediatric palliative care topics into the nursing curriculum, fair access to palliative care services, drug accessibility, financial support, and further research are recommended.