A Crosstalk between the Receptor Tyrosine Kinase-Like Orphan Receptors ROR1/2 and S1P Signaling Pathways in Lung Cancer

Document Type : Short Communications


1 Department of Biosciences, Manipal University Jaipur, Dehmi Kalan, Jaipur-Ajmer Expressway, Jaipur, Rajasthan, 303007, India.

2 Department of Biochemistry, All India Institute of Medical Sciences (AIIMS) Bhopal, Saket Nagar, Bhopal 462020, India.


Objective: Availability of multimodal treatment strategies, including targeted therapies and immunotherapies, have improved the survival of non-small cell lung carcinoma (NSCLC). However, some patients still progress or respond poorly due to inherent resistance, acquired resistance, or lack of druggable driver mutations. Sphingosine-1-phosphate (S1P) and receptor tyrosine kinase-like orphan receptor (ROR1/2) signaling pathways are activated during lung carcinogenesis. Methods: In this study, we have evaluated the crosstalk of S1P and ROR1/2 signaling pathways in lung cancer cells. Results: S1P treatment of lung cancer cells decreases ROR1 and ROR2 transcript levels. While treatment with PF-543, a pharmacological SphK1 inhibitor or genetic knockdown of SPHK1 by shRNA, raises ROR1 and ROR2. Furthermore, simultaneous inhibition of SphK1 along with ROR1 reduced the migration of lung cancer cells. Conclusion: These findings demonstrate the reciprocal regulation of both pathways, suggesting that both pathways have an inverse relation i.e, in the absence of one pathway, another pathway may take charge of the other pathway. Therefore, simultaneously targeting both pathways could serve as a potential therapeutic target for lung cancer treatment.


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