Dosimetric Validation of Treatment Planning System for Volumetric Modulated Arc Therapy Using AAPM Medical Physics Practice Guideline 5.b

Document Type : Research Articles


1 Division of Medical Physics, Department of Radiation Oncology, Tata Medical Center, Newtown, Rajarhat, Kolkata, West Bengal, India.

2 Department of Physics, School of Advanced Sciences, Vellore Institute of Technology, Vellore, Tamil Nadu, India.


Aim: To assess the precision of dose calculations for Volumetric Modulated Arc Therapy (VMAT) using megavoltage (MV) photon beams, we validated the accuracy of two algorithms: AUROS XB and Analytical Anisotropic Algorithm (AAA). This validation will encompass both flattening filter (FF) and flattening filter-free beam (FFF) modes, using AAPM Medical Physics Practice Guideline (MPPG 5b). Materials and Methods: VMAT validation tests were generated for 6 MV FF and 6 MV FFF beams using the AAA and AXB algorithms in the Eclipse V.15.1 treatment planning system (TPS). Corresponding measurements were performed on a linear accelerator using a diode detector and a radiation field analyzer. Point dose (PD) and in-vivo measurements were conducted using an A1SL ion chamber and (TLD) from Thermofisher, respectively. The Rando Phantom was employed for end-to-end (E2E) tests. Results: The mean difference (MD) between the TPS-calculated values and the measured values for the PDD and output factors were within 1% and 0.5%, respectively, for both 6 MV FF and 6 MV FFF. In the TG 119 sets, the MD for PD with both AAA and AXB was <0.9%. For the TG 244 sets, the minimum, maximum, and mean deviations in PD for both 6 MV FF and 6 MV FFF beams were 0.3%, 1.4% and 0.8% respectively. In the E2E test, using the Rando Phantom, the MD between the TLD dose and the TPS dose was within 0.08% for both 6 MV FF (p=1.0) and 6 MV FFF (0.018) beams. Conclusion: The accuracy of the TPS and its algorithms (AAA and AXB) has been successfully validated. The recommended tests included in the VMAT/IMRT validation section proved invaluable for verifying the PDD, output factors, and the feasibility of complex clinical cases. E2E tests were instrumental in validating the entire workflow from CT simulation to treatment delivery.


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