Identification of Genes Hub Associated with Triple-Negative Breast Cancer and Cannabidiol Analogs Potential Inhibitory Agents: An In-silico Study

Document Type : Research Articles


1 GINUMED, Rafael Núñez University Corporation, Cartagena D.T. y C. Colombia.

2 Pharmacology and Therapeutic group, University of Cartagena, Cartagena D.T. y C. Colombia.

3 GIBAE Research Group, Faculty of Engineering, University of Cartagena, Cartagena, D.T. y C, Colombia.


Objective: Triple-negative breast cancer presents a significant challenge in oncology due to its complex treatment and aggressive nature. This subtype lacks common cancer cell receptors like estrogen, progesterone, and human epidermal growth factor receptor 2 receptors. This study aimed to identify, through bioinformatic analysis, the key genes associated with triple-negative breast cancer. In addition, CBD analogs with potential inhibitory effects on these genes were evaluated through docking and molecular dynamics. Methods: Gene expression profiles from the GSE178748 dataset were analyzed, focusing on MDA-MB-231 breast cancer cell lines. Differentially expressed genes were determined through protein-protein interaction networks and subsequently validated. Additionally, the inhibitory effects of cannabidiol analogs on these hub genes were assessed using molecular docking and dynamics. Results:  Analysis of the hub highlighted RPL7A, NHP2L1, and PSMD11 as significant players in TNBC regulation. Ligand 44409296 showed the best affinity energy with RPL7A, while 166505341 exhibited the highest affinity with NHP2L1 and PSMD11, surpassing CBD. Analyses of RMSD, RMSF, SASA, and Gyration Radius indicated structural stability and interactions of the proteins with ligands over time. MMGBSA calculations showed favorable binding energies for the ligands with the target proteins. Conclusion: In conclusion, this study identified key genes, namely RPL7A, NHP2L1, and PSMD11, associated with triple-negative breast cancer and demonstrated promising interactions with cannabidiol analogs, particularly 44409296 and 166505341. These findings suggest potential therapeutic targets and highlight the relevance of further clinical investigations. Additionally, the ligands exhibited favorable ADME properties and low toxicity, underscoring their potential in future drug development for TNBC treatment.


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