Document Type : Research Articles
Department of Biology, Faculty of Sciencei, Istanbul University, Istanbul, Turkey.
Objective: Breast cancer is one of the most frequently diagnosed malignancy among women. Turmeric is isolated from Curcuma longa. Curcumin is main curcuminoid of the turmeric which is a member of Zingiberaceae. In this current study antiproliferative effects of curcumin were investigated in luminal A breast cancer cell line MCF-7 and triple negative breast cancer cell line MDA-MB-231. Methods: For this purpose cell viability, cell index values by xCELLigence Real-Time Cell Analysis DP instrument, mitotic index and apoptotic index analysis were used. Results: Cell viability and cell index values showed that 75 µM concentration of curcumin was IC50 concentration. When IC50 concentration was applied to both cell lines, a significant decrease was observed in the mitotic index values, while a significant increase was observed in the apoptotic index values (p<0.05). Conclusion: Curcumin, which has antiproliferative effects on breast cancer cells, is thought to be effective in cancer treatment.