Lack of Associations between TLR9 and MYD88 Gene Polymorphisms and Risk of Chronic Lymphocytic Leukemia

Document Type : Research Articles


1 Molecular Biology Department, Genetic Engineering and Biotechnology Research Institute (GEBRI), University of Sadat City, Egypt.

2 Hematology Department, Faculty of Medicine, Ein Shams University, Egypt.


Background: Genetic factors like single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) may play an important role in the etiology of chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL). Mutations in Toll like receptor 9 (TLR9) and myeloid differentiation primary response 88 (MYD88) genes may lead to an abnormal immune response that may cause greater cell proliferation and thus alter an individual’s susceptibility to haematological malignancies including CLL. Objective: This work was designed to study any association of the TLR9 (rs2066807C/G and rs187084T/C) and MYD88 (L265P) single nucleotide polymorphism (SNPs) with risk of CLL in Egyptians. Materials and methods: One hundred patients with CLL and 100 healthy controls from the Egyptian population were genotyped by the polymerase chain reaction/restriction fragment length polymorphism (PCR/RFLP) method. Results: With TLR9 rs2066807C/G the CC genotype was more frequent in both control and patient groups while for TLR9 rs187084T/C the TT genotype was most common. There were no significant associations with CLL risk. With MYD88 (L265P) only the TT genotype was detected. Conclusion: Our preliminary data suggest that polymorphisms in the TLR9 and MYD88 genes may not contribute to CLL susceptibility. To the best of our knowledge, this study is the first dealing with TLR9 and MYD88 gene polymorphisms in CLL patients. Further studies with larger sample size should be conducted to validate these results in the Egyptian population.


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