Synergistic Effect of Barbadensis miller and Marsdenia Condurango Extracts Induces Apoptosis Promotes Oxidative Stress by Limiting Proliferation of Cervical Cancer and Liver Cancer Cells

Document Type : Research Articles


Faculty of Pharmacy, University of Lahore, Defence Road, Lahore, Pakistan.


Background: Drug synergy is the combine effect of drug efficacy. Synergistic combinations of active ingredients have proven to be highly effective and more useful in therapeutics. In contrast, the individual effect of drug is usually undesirable and mostly used for selecting drug-resistant mutations. Purpose of this study was to check synergistic effects of both plants (Barbadensis miller and Marsdenia condurango) against liver and cervical cancer. Methodology: Culturing of HeLa (cervical cancer cell line) and HepG2 (liver cancer cell line) cells, IC50 evaluation, viability assays (trypan blue, crystal violet), p53 ELISA and immunocytochemistry, MUSE analysis (count and viability), antioxidants (GSH, SOD, CAT), at the end RT-PCR was performed. Results: IC50 evaluation was done of each plant individually and with combination for synergistic effects, IC50 with plants combination (synergism) was applied on further viability assays (trypan blue, crystal violet, MUSE analysis via count and viability kit) p53 ELISA and immunocytochemistry for evaluation of cellular apoptosis, antioxidants assays (GSH, SOD, CAT), and RT-PCR with proliferative and apoptotic markers along with internal control. Conclusion: According to current study it was observed that synergistic effect of these plants has more anticancer properties with minimum effective dose. It was also observed that extracts possess the ability to induce apoptosis, restrict proliferation and enhanced oxidative stress.


Main Subjects

Volume 22, Issue 3
March 2021
Pages 843-852
  • Receive Date: 04 November 2020
  • Revise Date: 22 February 2021
  • Accept Date: 21 March 2021
  • First Publish Date: 21 March 2021