Reliability and Validity of the Brief Illness Perception Questionnaire in Bahasa Malaysia for Patients with Cancer

Document Type : Methodological papers


1 Faculty of Health Science, Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia, Campus Kuala Lumpur, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia.

2 Faculty of Arts and Social Science, University Tunku Abdul Rahman, Kampar, Perak, Malaysia.

3 Faculty of Medicine, Universiti Malaya, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia.

4 Department of Radiotherapy and Oncology, National Cancer Institute, Putrajaya, Malaysia.


Objective: The main purpose of this study was to identify the psychometric properties and validate   the Bahasa Malaysia version of the Brief Illness Perception Questionnaire among patients with cancer. Methods: A total of 129 newly diagnosed patients with cancer were consecutively sampled. Reliability and validity of the questionnaire were tested using translation validity, test-retest reliability, Principal Component Analysis, Cronbach’s alpha coefficient for domains and item-total correlation. Results: The questionnaire indicates excellent test-retest reliability. The Principal Component Analysis (PCA) revealed that Kaiser-Meyer-Olkin (KMO) is 0.60 for the two-factor structure of the Brief Illness Perception Questionnaire of the Bahasa Malaysia version which consists of cognitive illness representation and emotional illness representation. Conclusion: The Brief Illness Perception Questionnaire in the Bahasa Malaysia version is a useful tool to use among patients with cancer in Malaysia context despite moderate psychometric properties. This is based on the premise that the questionnaire can be used as a quick tool to assess illness perceptions among Malaysian with cancer in routine oncology practice.


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